This is a plot of the NSA programs revealed in the past year according to whether they are bulk or targeted, and whether the targets of surveillance are foreign or domestic. Most of the programs fall squarely into the agency’s stated mission of foreign surveillance, but some – particularly those that are both domestic and broad-sweeping – are more controversial.
Domestic Program Name – Description
Cellphone Location Test – In 2010 and 2011, the NSA tested bulk collection of location data from Americans cellphones.
Spying on American Muslims – FBI monitored e-mail of 200 Americans including prominent Muslims such as a former Bush Administration official, two professors, an attorney and the leader of a Muslim civil rights group.
Foreign Program Name – Description
Program to Discredit Militants – An NSA effort to spy on targets’ online sexual activity.
EgotisticalGoat / EgotisticalGiraffe – The Egotistical animal programs are techniques to track users of Tor anonymizing software.
NoseySmurf, TrackerSmurf, DreamySmurf, ParanoidSmurf – The Smurf programs get inside iPhones and Android devices, turning on microphones, tracking location, and managing power.
Hacking Angela Merkel – The NSA targeted German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s cellphone.
Hammerchant / Hammerstein – NSA programs to spy on data sent through voice over IP calls and Virtual Private Networks.
Cracking cellphone encryption – The NSA has the capability to defeat a widely-used cellphone encryption technology.
Optic Nerve – A British program to bulk collect images from Yahoo webcam chats: “It would appear that a surprising number of people use webcam conversations to show intimate parts of their body to the other person.”
Swedish-American surveillance of Russia – A Swedish-American effort to spy on Russian leadership.
Co-Traveler/ FASCIA – The NSA collected 5 billion records a day of cellphone locations worldwide.