After holding its largest military exercises in 23 years last year, the Swedish government has been informing its citizens how to prepare for war as regional tensions rise with Russia.

A leaflet being sent to nearly 5 million homes instructs Swedes on how to conduct a complex, layered defense of the country.

Russian annexation of Crimea and its continued support for Ukrainian rebels has caused Swedes in and out of government to rethink the country’s defense needs, including consideration of joining NATO.

In September 2017, the country held its biggest military exercise in 23 years, with war games involving 19,000 Swedish personnel and allies from Finland, Denmark, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, France, Norway and the U.S.

And last year Swedes voted to reintroduce conscription.

“All of society needs to be prepared for conflict, not just the military. We haven’t been using words such as total defense or high alert for 25-30 years or more. So the knowledge among citizens is very low,” said Christina Andersson, leader of the project at the Swedish civil contingencies agency. [source]

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